�A�EwȔ�Y�|Р:�������*1��P��z���j��5�oFg�'T��y��4o�퀀����̤���{= �Ɲ��x��՘�%A݃�^���f�H=��\3��X���99��4��'�Iu3/�4QI5��VU?�fc���A4���. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the institutional processes and organizational structures that link these various elements together. Urban refugees and their livelihood strategies Though refugees in Addis Ababa have no right to work, informal work is generally tolerated, and the research identified four main income sources: • Informal employment was widespread with Eritrean, Somali and Yemeni refugees employed in Ethiopian-owned and refugee-owned informal enterprises. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia December 2018 Rural Sustainability Research 40(335):2-17 The main aim of this study was to identify the determinants of farmers' participation in income diversification in the study area. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Second, it investigates how migration (in and out) in the eco-region features as a livelihood strategy. Pastoralists are in transition to sedentary life but still attached to pastoralism. Diversifying livelihood strategies at current time become a standard phenomenon within the study area. LIVELIHOOD ZONES ANALYSIS Ethiopia Prepared by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011. Ethiopia Livelihoods for Resilience Learning Activity Baseline Survey Brief 5 livelihood pathways (i.e., on-farm, off-farm, and employment). Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. It is quicker, simpler, and cheaper to collect information on coping strategies than on actual household food consumption levels. <>>> In order to better understand existing markets in the Somali region of Ethiopia, especially in Jigjiga, and to inform the strategy and action plan of the project, the ILO commissioned this market systems analysis. A survey of 133 sample households, and four KIIs were employed. - Geneva: ILO, 2017. and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population. Strategy: •DJMV strives to improve the quality of life of the rural poor by strengthening their existing livelihood programs, initiative new activities to diversify and increase their income in the coastal areas among the fishing communities This study used both qualitative and quantitative 1 0 obj National Level Context The impact of extreme poverty on children development remains significant with the prevalence of malnutrition among young children from developing countries is approximately 2.5 times higher in the poorest families compared with the richest. Livelihood strategies may focus on increasing the range of assets to which a person or household has access, or on increasing access to particular types of capital. African Journal of Agricultural Research. types of coping strategy. The other includes the longer-term alteration of income earning or food production patterns and one-off responses such as assets sales etc. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. The Livelihood and nutrition technical approach is prepared to provide guidance to the national office, CPOs and APs in order to translate this strategic priority into actions. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. 2 0 obj This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. 24(4): 685-692. description of major and minor livelihood strategies in the BER, how migration features as a livelihood strategy of the youth, and how the livelihood affects the BER. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. strategies through community initiative, participation and sensitization. In addition, it ties relief to development by giving food aid in exchange for labor effort to construct public works. Here, we (1) characterized types of livelihood strategies; (2) determined how different capital assets are associated with different livelihood strategies; and (3) determined how livelihood strategies differed in food security outcomes. Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. Agro-pastoralists earn more income than those remaining in a pure pastoral economy. That is, those livelihood diversification strategies in Ethiopia in general between 1700-2000 masl, are considered as dry Woina and study area in … First, it explores minor and major livelihood strategies of the youth in the BER. The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. We conducted a survey in southwestern Ethiopia and used principal component and cluster analyses. Guide to market-based livelihood interventions for refugees / International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). livelihood strategies on natural resources and To examine the dependency of livelihood strategies on natural resources in three different agro-ecologies of Bale Eco-region. In recent years participatorymethods have gained recognitionin incorporatinglocal communities into decision making processes. The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. ! ISBN: 9789221308133; 9789221308140 (web pdf) International Labour Office; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. About this report The AgWater Solutions Project aimed at designing agricultural water management (AWM) strategies for smallholder farmers in sub Saharan Africa and in India. 3 0 obj The thesis maintains the title given to the project itself: ^Livelihood, Youth Migration, and Eco-Region Nexus in the Bale Eco-Region (BER), Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. We piloted innovative approaches to natural resource management, including cash and food transfers. Keywords: Livelihood Strategies, Rural Households, Ethiopia, Resettlement, Multinomial Logit Mode 1. LIVELIHOOD ZONES ANALYSIS Ethiopia Prepared by Dr. Girma Medhin in consultation with FAO, 2011. %PDF-1.5 Decision to … ��}��O�6�nѿt�E�����s��r����Ν�H�ZWYH0w�ӱ�� �XM/�>��ǿ|3͇y^HK��� ���k�+�y����%��u;@�pz�b:�]sZgeW$�2̨x�^��*�cm��?���]P�;��Ļ1$��˔nl3d�™p7��:C#:�F֢��`-��j�?������SJ�Pdhx���uo��W���mH���pЀ� b�? After comparing the basic features of various livelihoods models in use, it describes the main features of the livelihoods approach, and what its strengths and its weaknesses are. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. %���� To describe livelihood strategies in the context of a participatory forest management arrangement in the Bale highlands of southern Ethiopia, data were collected using four quarterly household income surveys and a focus group discussion. generating activities as livelihood strategies to overcome diverse challenges and risks. stream The likelihood of remaining in pastoralism increases with wealth status. A livelihood, as defi ned by Robert Chambers and Gordon Conway, “comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living.”3 The livelihood strategies that displaced households develop to secure a … After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. WVE has designed a five years strategy (2016-2020) for an integrated development programs. Highlights We examined livelihood adaptations among Afar pastoralists in northeastern Ethiopia. several other African countries, including Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ... important to understand longer-term livelihood strategies in an emergency, research has shown that the management of short-term consumption strategies is an accurate indicator of food security. The evolution of livelihood strategies was examined in Molas, a coastal village in … The objectives of this study were to investigate the challenges (constraining environments) the groups in Tembisa were facing, using participatory assessment techniques such as problem and wealth ranking. It considers the influence of the differing agro-ecological and social contexts in which youth start transitions to adult roles and decent work. Livelihood strategy Livelihood strategy approach to community-based planning and assessment: a case study of Molas, Indonesia Jennifer Walker, Bruce Mitchell and Susan Wismer A livelihood strategy is an organized set of life-style choices, goals and values, and activities influenced by biophysical, political/legal, econo- mic, social, cultural, and psychological compo-nents. economic trends) and shocks (drought, disease, floods, pests). The project was managed by the International Determinants of livelihood strategies in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia endobj Carney (ed)., 1998; Scoones, 1998). Save the Children is a key player in food security and livelihoods work in Ethiopia, ranging from life saving food distributions to long-term livelihood improvement and market support. A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and focus group … The choice of a livelihood strategy that a household pursues is dependent on the socio-economic characteristics of the household including the skills which its members have at their disposal [2, 3]. However, identification of the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household’s choice of livelihood strategies in Ethiopia has received little attention despite its increasing threat over the poor. 1 Introduction to the livelihoods framework Chapter 1: Introduction to the livelihoods framework provides a basic introduction to the livelihoods framework. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. In recent times this has come to be called the sustainable livelihoods (SL) framework, and is viewed as equally applicable to urban as to rural survival strategies. and livelihood strategies of rural youth in Africa. The existing capacity of agriculture to attain food and livelihood security is tremendously declining from time to time. the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. Assets in this framework include: human capital (the education, skills and health of household Ethiopia’s agricultural and livestock production heavily The number one priority ministry objective will be ‘Children thrive in resilient households and communities’. 3.1 Pastoralist livelihood pathways in East Africa 30 3.2 Conceptual framework of resilience and vulnerability 33 3.3 Strategic investment framework for livelihoods resilience and transformation in pastoral areas of Ethiopia 46 Map 1.1 Major livestock production zones in Ethiopia 3 Tables 1.1 PAP population projection, 2014–17 2 <> Our Pastoral Livelihood Initiative (PLI), in partnership with USAID, supported 250,000 pastoralists with integrated water, food, and rangeland management solutions. 7.2 Paper II: Livelihood strategies and the role of forest income 81 7.3 Paper III: Factors associated with performance of user groups 84 7.4 Paper IV: Attitudes of local people towards collective action for forest management 87 8 Concluding Remarks 91 8.1 Scientific implications of the research 91 8.2 Practical implications of the research 92 References 96 Acknowledgements 108. To understand the complex and differentiated processes through which livelihoods are constructed, Scoones points out, it is insufficient just to analyse the different aspects; one must also analyse the … <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> }x������ʁ�h���5g�pq �C�@�������Ns�,މ9���m�����+�W���av�A���E�Xh����dg٫9����'�8�:�k��S�(= ��VTP��89�1� �B.�;�j�,�m4���8K�*���l�MEX���%�օe��S�&�"�p=6U'�(Npi�c�J�!x�m�0��R�B��|:�梞�K\lʓsU֞��x�d|�$���}��5 4H�P��@T~D�“�[��|���Y��� Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. 4 0 obj Keywords: Rural, Livelihood diversification, role, HFIAS, Logit model, food security, southern Ethiopia Cite This Article: Berhanu Getinet, and Tariku Lorato, “The Role of Rural Livelihood Diversification Strategies for Household Food Security in Southern Ethiopia: Empirical Evidence from Kecha Bira District of Kembata Tembaro Zone.” Journal of Finance and Economics, vol. Analysis of Wealth and Livelihood Capitals in Southern Ethiopia: A Lesson for policy makers, Rural Household Livelihood Strategies: Options and Determinants in the Case of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, IMPACT OF URBANIZATION OF ADDIS ABEBA CITY ON PERI-URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND LIVELIHOODS, The Role of Income Diversification on Risk Management and Rural Household Food Security in Ethiopia. The study focuses on one of the most densely populated rural areas on the continent in a country where agriculture has been consid-ered the mainstay and livelihood for all rural residents. Through all the search, 182 published and unpublished papers were collected. Livelihood strategies are at the centre of development. This article reviews the recent literature on diversification as a livelihood strategy of rural households in developing countries, with particular reference to sub‐Saharan Africa. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. Christian Social Council (CSC) to enhance livelihood strategies for poor women in urban areas. The PSNP system is rooted in the FSP(Food Security Programme) as an initiative of the World Bank and IMF championed Ethiopian Poverty Reduction strategy with an annual budget of US$107 million. The promote the livelihoods of refugees and host communities in the Jigjiga re-gion of Ethiopia. A principal component analysis followed by cluster analysis was used to establish typologies of households based on livelihood strategies. strategies—that people use to manage household food shortage. In Ethiopia, empiri-cal studies found that non-farm income accounts for as much a–%the average households income [9, ... livelihood strategies of the household decreases by a factor of 5.750 as the age of the household increases by 1˝year. 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